Once a leading economy in Southeast Asia, the Thai economy is no longer what it used to be – especially with its weakening situation ever since the May 2014 coup.
A brief look at economic indicators shows that the country has indeed been going downhill since then. It seems the authorities of “The Land of Smiles” know this. They’re giving their all to bring the economy back up to its feet by looking into ways to drive FDI.
One way which Thailand is looking to bring more foreign investment is by offering incentives in the form of tax benefits and better infrastructure. But will it be enough?
Slowing Growth, High Debt in Thailand Economy
There are many factors working together, transforming Thailand from one of the top performing economies in Southeast Asia into arguably the worst.
A major reason is the change in the country’s leadership. The coup in May 2014 resulted in the military junta taking control of Thailand. As the country failed to boost investors’ confidence, inbound foreign investment dropped significantly.
Last year’s 5% GDP growth rate seems like a long time ago. It may as well be called the “good old times” because 2015’s GDP growth forecast is now just at around 3%.
During the first half of 2015, Thailand only managed to attract 9% of total ASEAN in-bound foreign investment. This was despite having the region’s second largest economy.
Not only does the Thai market have a hard time attracting foreign investors, it even has trouble attracting its own local investors. Thais aren’t investing in their own country and are starting to invest abroad, especially throughout the rest of Southeast Asia.
Household debt is now at the highest point in a decade too. More than 80% of the Thailand’s population is incurring debt, an increase over 13% from last year’s figures. The number of homeless people is also on a discouraging upward trend.
More Foreign Direct Investment is Key
According to a panel of experts, the only way out is for Thailand to focus bringing in more foreign investment. But the progress of this is hindered by high labor costs, a low supply of labor, and a tough regulatory environment.
Thailand needs to create an environment which welcomes foreign investors. The Kingdom must become a stable, efficient, and transparent place for capital.
The Finance Ministry and Thailand Board of Investment are two institutions leading the change.
Taking baby steps towards a brighter future, Thai Finance Minister Apisak Tantivorawong is looking to set up tax incentives and increase investment in the country.
The Thailand Board of Investment (BOI) is a few steps ahead of the Finance Ministry, already offering tax benefits for private investors.
According to a press release, the BOI recently approved investment for 17 projects worth 78 billion Thai Baht in total. These include subsidiaries of multinational firms such as Toto, Ford Motor, and AirAsia.
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