The start of 2016 marked a milestone for Southeast Asia with leaders coming together to implement the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC).
With a goal of uniting Southeast Asia into one market, the AEC will turn the region into a single trading bloc. It will be similar to the European Union, but without drawbacks such as a single currency and deeper political integration.
Despite generous publicity, the AEC hasn’t shown much progress in the first three months. Don’t despair though. This sort of delay is normal, especially in an attempt to unite ten diverse nations into one community.
Asia consists of countries with a large gap between them in terms of economic development. Singapore is among the richest countries in the world. However, the economies of nearby Indonesia, Vietnam, and Malaysia are still dominated by light industry and even, in the case of Vietnam, low-skill agricultural work.
Much More to Come for the AEC
The aim is building an integrated economy with a combined market of US$2.6 trillion and over 600 million people. Yet it’s been almost two years since the agreement was signed.
Progress toward the AEC’s goals are disappointing to anyone with reasonable expectations. But saying that there’s been zero progress would be untrue. Many companies both inside and outside of Southeast Asia have shown their interest toward investing in ASEAN.
A chief executive from Singapore Business Federation revealed that a lot of companies are looking to invest in ASEAN as opposed to China where the labor cost is rising.
Despite tons of interest, there’s been little action toward actually investing in ASEAN though. Main reasons include the lack of transparency and clarity of benefits and opportunities.
Investors who have never stepped into ASEAN simply do not know the benefits of investing in Southeast Asia or the different opportunities in each sector.
Experts agree that business chambers of ASEAN countries must do a better job of reaching out to overseas investors. Many are wary of the dangers yet unaware of opportunities.
ASEAN Governments Jump to Action
Overseas investors have indeed taken little action, but the same isn’t true for the regional ministers. Several meetings have passed since the beginning of the year and there has been some progress. The very first signs of progress are an insurance policy and collective investment program.
Another initiative involves setting up the ASEAN Insurance Forum to support trade, investment and economic integration which will be “in line with the AEC.”
This will streamline the process which a fund manager in one country must go through to sell investments across ASEAN borders.
Even though the road ahead is long and tough, there will eventually be progress. ASEAN member nations will work together, bring about economic integration, and put ASEAN on the world stage. Businesses and investors who act now will benefit in the long-term.
UPDATE FOR 2017: This article was originally written two years ago. But there’s still little progress toward achieving the AEC’s goals. We still believe that deeper integration is possible for Southeast Asia over the long term.
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